Without Migration, Australia’s Population Growth is Marginal

23 September 2022

Australia’s population grew by 0.9 per cent in the year to March 2022, according to data released today by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS).

Beidar Cho, Demography Director at the ABS, said that with the softening of international border closures, net overseas migration added an estimated 110,000 people to the population.

 “After two years of mostly low or no population growth, overseas migration is again a significant contributor to Australia’s population increase, accounting for almost half of the growth in the year to March 2022.”

The strength in net overseas migration was driven by a large increase in arrivals (up 183 per cent on the previous year to 320,000) while overseas migrant departures held steady (up 1.5 per cent to 210,400).

In contrast, this result is a strong turnaround from overseas migration in the year to March 2021 (-94,300), but still trails recent pre-pandemic annual levels which ranged from 238,000 to 260,000.

Data from Overseas Arrivals and Departures, Australia showing visa types of Arrivals over the period indicated a strong return of international students to our shores.

There were 309,300 births and 179,100 deaths over the year to March 2022. The resulting natural increase of 130,200 was down 4.6 per cent from the previous year, with the increase in deaths (16,300 or 10 per cent) outpacing an increase in births (10,000 or 3.4 per cent).

ON a State by State basis, most states and territories had positive population growth over the year ending 30 June 2021 with Queensland at the top of list with +0.9% and Victoria, the only state with negative growth rate -0.7%.

As is often the case, internal migration from the southern states to Queensland drives the overall population (& demand for real estate) in Queensland.